East Madison YMCA


1700 23rd Ave.

Though obviously not a night club, the East Madison YMCA was an historically important venue for the development of Jackson Street jazz, partly because it came about through pressure on the city from the African-American community, spearheaded by Powell Barnett and John Gayton, to offer recreational facilities and gathering places in black neighborhoods. Established in 1936, the “Y” dances soon became a hangout for young musicians, among them Billy Tolles, Quincy Jones, Sonny Booker, Ernestine Anderson and, later, Dave Lewis.